The United Nations (UN) has launched a crowdfunding drive to raise $5m (£4.1m) in two weeks for an operation to remove a million barrels of crude oil from a decaying supertanker off Yemen’s RedSea coast.
The FSO Safer has had virtually no maintenance since the start of Yemen’s devastating civil war seven years ago.
The UN has warned that the vessel will soon break apart or explode, causing an environmental catastrophe.
But work to prevent such a disaster has been delayed due to a funding shortage.
UN member states have only pledged about $60m of the $80m needed for the initial operation to transfer the oil to another vessel. An additional $64m was needed for a long-term replacement for the Safer.
“We’re trying to get to this $80m figure by the end of this month. It’s doable, but it’s going to take a push and that’s why we’re calling on the public to help us to cross the finish line,” David Gressly, the UN humanitarian Coordinator for Yemen, told an online briefing.
He added: “$20m is really not much when you look at the overall cost that this catastrophe would have. If indeed there were a spill, the estimates that we’ve received on the clean-up alone would be $20 billion.”
The FSO Safer was constructed as a supertanker in 1976 and converted later into a floating storage and offloading facility for oil. It was anchored near the Ras Isa oil terminal, controlled by Yemen’s rebel Houthi movement.
The 376m (1,233ft) vessel held an estimated 1.14m barrels of crude oil, which is four times the amount of oil spilled in the 1989 Exxon Valdez disaster.
The Safer’s structural integrity has deteriorated significantly since maintenance operations were suspended in 2015, when the Houthis seized large parts of Yemen and a Saudi-led coalition intervened in support of the Yemeni government. The ensuing conflict has reportedly killed more than 150,000 people and left more than 23 million others in need of aid.
Mr Gressly warned that the Safer’s advanced state of decay meant a catastrophe was “not just a probability or possibility, but a certainty if we do not act”. -BBC