Ratings agency, Fitch, has expressed a neutral outlook for African banks this year, with uncertain business conditions and COVID-19 risk constraining recovery.
It is however anticipating a slightly faster rise in lending with most economies growing at an appreciable rate, it said in its report on “African Banks – No Easy Road to Recovery”.
“We see significant uncertainty with Africa being particularly at risk from new Covid-19 variants, amid very low vaccination rates and governments’ limited fiscal space. If this risk materialises, it could change the outlook quite dramatically,” it said in a report.
There are about 10 African banks operating in the country. Fitch said the banks were likely to make mistakes in the pursuit of growth under prevailing operating conditions, which were fraught with challenges and uncertainty, predicting a return to normalisation in 2023 or further.
“Banks are likely to make mistakes in the pursuit of growth under prevailing operating conditions, which are fraught with challenges and uncertainty. We believe a return to normalisation will be beyond 2022. Even excluding the serious threat of new variants, banks face the prospects of limited earnings growth, and, therefore, limited loss absorption capacity,” MahinDissanayake, Head of African Banks at Fitch said.
It said the pace of downgrades had significantly reduced in 2021 compared with the prior year, and therefore barring any significant downside risks, it expect these trends to persist in 2022.
“Other things being equal, we do not believe asset quality deterioration will be widespread, even with the unwinding of remaining government-support measures. The fast rebound in formal and informal economic activity in 2nd-half 2020 and 2021, strong commodity prices and the resilience of certain economic sectors and loan restructuring continue to contain corporate bad debt,” it said.
Again, it said high unemployment and the consequent impact on retail loans remained a risk, adding, “the fast accumulation of government debt securities by banks presents a key risk as the focus shifts to sovereign debt sustainability.”