Dandelion may kill breast cancer cells, lower hypertension, cholesterol, and improve liver health

Dandelion is regarded as a stubborn weed but has diverse medicinal properties. Na­turopathic practitioners have used dandelion for many years to treat several medical conditions such as promoting better digestion to heal­ing the liver. Also, Native Amer­ican tribes chewed the dandelion root to relieve pain, while others steamed the leaves and applied them topically to ease sore throats.

History has it that dandelion usage started somewhere in 659 B.C. in ancient China. Dandelion is low in calories, but high in fiber as well as antioxidants, vitamin K, vitamin A, and vitamin C. Studies have confirmed that Dandelion can help reduce cancer growth, lower cholesterol levels, and support liver function.

In some countries, including Scotland and France, these plants earned the nickname pee-the-beds, or pissenlit in French, due to their natural diuretic effects that can cause increased urination.

Dandelions, also known as Taraxacum officinale, are a type of flowering plant native to Europe, Asia, and North America. Dan­delion belongs to the daisy family of plants, dandelions are linked to dahlias, thistle, ragweed, lettuce, artichokes, and sunflowers.


Link, R(2022) article explained that dandelions are highly nutri­tious plants loaded with vitamins, minerals, and fiber. Every part of the plant is nutritious; root to flow­er. US Department of Agriculture reports that dandelion can be con­sumed raw or cooked. Which one you opted, they are a good source of vitamins A, C, and K. Dande­lion is also loaded with vitamin E, folate, and slight amounts of other B vitamins. The report also found that dandelion greens also have a considerable quantity of numerous minerals, including iron, calcium, magnesium, and potassium.

One study by Vandeputte et al.(2017) also reports that dan­delion root is rich in the carbo­hydrate inulin, a type of soluble fiber found in plants that supports the growth and maintenance of healthy gut bacteria in your digestive tract.


It has been reported that Dande­lion has many potent antioxidants, this is linked to its numerous medic­inal properties. For instance, some studies(Wirngo et al. 2016; Gerbino et al. 2018; Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed) [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2006–. Be­ta-Carotene. 2022 ) also found that dandelions are loaded with many antioxidants such as beta carotene, which protect against cell damage and oxidative stress.

Additionally, Wirngo et al. (2016) study also found that dandelion is loaded with

polyphenols, another antioxidant, are mostly found in the flower, but can also be found in the roots, leaves, and stems as well.


Inflammation is a normal immune system response to injury or infec­tion. However, long-term inflamma­tion may lead to permanent damage to your body’s tissues and DNA. However, two test-tube studies( Park et al. 2014; Jeon et al. 2017) found that dandelion decreased markers of inflammation in cells treated with compounds extracted from dandeli­on. Another study in mice with in­flammatory lung disease by Ma et al. (2015) found a substantial decrease in lung inflammation in the test group.


In one article by Semeco, A (2021), the author explained that Chicoric and chlorogenic acid are two bioactive com­pounds found in dandelion that aid in reducing blood sugar levels. For instance, in one test-tube study by Ferrare et al. (2018) these compounds found in dandelion could enhance the secretion of insulin — a hormone that controls blood sugar levels — as well as the absorption of glucose (sugar) in our muscles. Thus leading to enhanced insulin sensitivity and decreased blood sugar levels.

Wirngo et al.(2016) thus found that some animal studies, also found that chicoric and chlorogenic acid slows the digestion of starchy, high-carb foods, and in turn helps to reduce blood sugar levels.

Cholesterol and triglyceride levels

One test-tube study by García-Carrasco et al. (2015) established that dandelion leaf and root extract reduced triglyceride buildup in fat cells. Additionally, a recent 4-week animal study by Majewski et al.( 2020) found that giving dandeli­on leaf extract to rats drastically decreased stages of total cholesterol and triglycerides. A previous rabbit study by Choi et al. (2010) found that consuming dandelion roots and leaves to a high-cholesterol diet decreased cholesterol levels.

Blood Pressure

Anecdotal evidence has it that Traditional herbal medicine prac­titioners prescribe dandelion, due to its diuretic and detoxification properties. Hence, dandelion could act as a conventional diuretic from anecdotal evidence. For instance, in one clinical trial which involved only 17 people, Clare et al.(2009) found dandelion to be an effective diuretic.

Furthermore, one review by Binia et al. (2015) found that dandelion is loaded with potassium, a min­eral linked with decreased blood pressure in those with earlier raised levels. Hence, dandelion could have an indirect effect on blood pressure due to its potassium center.

Liver and Kidney Support

Both animal and human studies have confirmed the benefits of dan­delion on liver and kidney health. For instance, one animal study by Hfaiedh et al. (2016) found that dan­delion averts liver damage in mice exposed to sodium dichromate, a compound used to induce liver injury. Fast forward, another study by Abdel-Magied et al.( 2019) also found that dandelion root benefits the liver, helping protect it from oxidative stress and keep it working effectively.

Two other studies( Wirngo et al. 2016; Pfingstgraf et al. 2021) also found that dandelion extract could decrease levels of excess fat stored in the liver and protect against oxidative stress. A similar study by Devaraj et al.(2016) also agreed that folk medicines originating from China, India, and Russia have long recognized dandelion’s effect as a liver tonic, mostly due to its anti-inflammatory effects and abili­ty to fight oxidative stress.

A previous Korean in vivo study by ( You et al. 2010) established that dandelion extract prevented damage to the liver caused by alco­hol toxicity in both liver cells and mice. The study further agreed that these protective effects are likely due to the number of antioxidants found in the dandelion root, as well as its ability to prevent cell damage.

Dandelion is also kidney-friend­ly. Dandelion has been recognized as having natural diuretic effects, meaning it increases the frequen­cy of urination, which can help keep the kidneys healthy. This also means that dandelion can be used for managing prostate health.

Finally, Mount Sinai Medi­cal Group, also explained that “Herbalists use dandelion root to detoxify the liver and gallbladder, and dandelion leaves to help kidney function.” For centuries, Native Americans boiled dandelion in the water and took it to treat kidney disease, as well as other digestive issues like heartburn and upset stomach.

To be continued


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