Ghana has been ranked the seventh best country in governance in Africa in the 2016 Mo Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG) report released by the Mo Ibrahim Foundation.
The report, which assessed 54 countries on the continent, gave Ghana a score of 63.9 per cent in the Overall Governance Indicator.
It said though Ghana featured in the top ten in the Overall Governance index, the country’s score had fallen by -2.1 points over the last ten years.
“The greatest improver at the Overall Governance level over the decade is Cote d’Ivoire, followed by Togo, Zimbabwe, Liberia, and Rwanda,” the report said and added that the three highest scoring countries in 2015 were Mauritius, Botswana, and Cape Verde.
The report said Ghana improved by +46.6 points in the Digital and IT Infrastructure indicator over the past decade.
It said, however, that Ghana and South Africa placed eighth and 10th respectively in the countries that had deteriorated over the decade.
The 2016 IIAG, which was launched yesterday by the Mo Ibrahim Foundation, reveals that the improvement in overall governance in Africa over the past ten years has been held back by a widespread deterioration in the category of Safety and Rule of Law.
The report compiled data gathered over the past decade to assess each of Africa’s 54 countries against 95 indicators drawn from 34 independent sources.
For the first time, the 2016 report includes Public Attitude Survey data from Afrobarometer, which captures Africans’ perception of governance.
The 2016 IIAG report analysed trends over the last decade, covering the period between 2006 and 2016. All scores are out of 100.0, with 100.0 being the best possible score.
“Over the decade, overall governance has improved by 1 score point at the continental average level with 37 countries-home to 70 per cent of African citizens-registering progress.”
“This overall positive trend has been led mainly by improvement in human development and participation and human rights. Sustainable economic opportunity also registered an improvement, but at a slower pace,” it said.
On safety and rule of law, the report said 33 out of 54 countries, home to almost two-thirds of the continent’s population, had experienced a decline since 2006.
“This worrying trend has worsened recently, with almost half of the countries on the continent recording their worst score ever in this category within the last three years,” it said.
The report indicated that the continental average score for the corruption and bureaucracy indicator had declined by -8.7 points over the last decade, with 33 countries registering deterioration and 24 of them falling to their worst ever score in 2015.
It said the majority of African citizens (78 per cent) lived in a country that had improved in participation and human rights over the past decade and noted that progress over the decade in participation and human rights had been driven by gender and participation, while rights registered a slight decline by -0.2
Two-thirds of the countries on the continent, representing 67 per cent of the African population, had shown deterioration in freedom of expression over the past ten years, the report said.
It said 11 countries, representing 27 per cent of the continent’s population, had declined across all three civil society measures, that is, civil society participation, freedom of expression, and freedom of association and assembly over the decade.
“In 2015, more than two-thirds of African citizens (70 per cent) live in countries where sustainable economic opportunity has improved in the last ten years. Digital and IT infrastructure is the most improved indicator. Diversification is the lowest scoring indicator in the IIAG, and shows deterioration over the past decade,” it said.
The report revealed that 40 per cent of Africans lived in a country, which had registered deterioration in electricity, and infrastructure over the decade, with over half of Africa’s economy affected by the problem.
On business, it said countries like Niger, Rwanda, Cote d’Ivoire, Togo and Kenya had progressed by more than +10 points in business environment over the decade.
“The marginal deterioration of -0.8 points over the decade registered in Business Environment marks considerably diverging trends, with 24 countries declining, five by more than -10.0 points, and 28 countries progressing, five by more than +10.0 points,” it said.
On child mortality over the decade, it said all 54 countries on the continent had registered significant progress.