Focusing on the global credit crisis of spending across the globe, for a near term challenge, on near term consumption, to minimize poverty, eliminate debt markets, and hunger, disease and low income levels about measures suggested, in multi-sourced financial facilities to sustain our debt facilities in essential production sources, to meet minimum capital adequacy requirements of more than 25 per cent of GDP, through traditional interference to expand trade and capital movements, and recover the debt facility of US$750m from the International Finance Corporation (IFC), to finance the energy giants kosmos market share position in jubilee’s phase- one development project package at the fore front of a shifting world of flux, to maintain production, sustain raw material and industrial products, in retained income levels, to development finance institutions (DFIs) that are often remote and poorly adopted.
Credit extension in increased employment, export and trade, to expand industry, infrastructure, commerce, education and promote primary health care systems, to achieve social benefits in credit cards presence, charities to the poor and needy, insurance and savings salvaging public sector’s “take-home-pay” pension funds to old age and other financial products for countries to relate to how they may compete in an emerging market economy.
Suitable to business agenda to reduce the perception of nation’s resources in robust management systems, for perceptible nod in traditional interference to boost their business profile connecting, and attracting business and investment destinations.
To expand capital in the economy, eliminate debt markets and sustain the debt facility of $750m from the international finance corporation (IFC), to finance kosmos market-share-position, in jubilee’s phase-one –development in traditional interference of resources, in the unrivaled presence of small, medium and midsized business operations, and government’s greatest challenge of people’s most pressing concerns, to predict our whole society and dares to predict tomorrow in personal values, civil liberties, economic fortunes and human development.
Credit facility scope potential across agro- industrial and agri-business units, easing excessive debt, near term consumption capital creation in multi-sourced financing facilities to expand industry, infrastructure, commerce, education and promote primary health care systems, for the co-extensive benefit of private equity, and extension of commercial equity in the removal of restriction on trade and capital movements to avoid sovereign debts in harmonising the agricultural and industrial policies for a better utilisation of the resources in a commercial experience.
For social benefits in credit cards extension, charities to the poor and sick people, insurance and savings salvaging public sector’s “take-home-pay” pension funds to old age, and other financial products in terms of economic growth, export and increased employment, in several sectors of the economy, to eliminate debt markets, creating sovereign debts in countries economies.
Economic opportunities and human development in our market systems, to scale rise in GDP’s fortunes for the appraisal of the flagship, or the most impressive products, of the gross domestic products (GDP), geared towards wealth creations, poverty alleviation as well as possible and prevent hunger and disease.
Avoid the duplication of projects, in current and upcoming industry infrastructure, commerce, education and promote primary health care systems at minimal costs, and score at affordability and accessibility of products and service against cost efficiencies lost, and the price-rise-prism-flux or constant rising cost of traded commodities for the benefits of globalisation.
Thereby impacting direct foreign investment in the movement of persons, after satisfying immigration procedures, capital creation, skill-intensive-production to meet minimum capital adequacy ratio targets set out of about an estimated $1,900 cash falls in the first quarter of 2016, through market capitalisation within the multi-cultural environment, of a global flux.
Free flow of capital and goods, key structuring considerations, to meet the millennium development goals (MDGs) deadline, of 2015 and discourage Africa’s shallow markets, giving corporate wider access to global markets in terms of economic growth, export in increased employment.
Development strategy: harmonising the agricultural and industrial policies towards removing subsidies on agriculture to development aid.
Thus boost returns on social equity, to reverse trends and challenges of the cedi market, to expand trade and capital, movements removing restrictions on trade and capital movements.
Trade liberation: impact and influence on trade liberation principle, of interest rates, and market prices to be determined by market forces operations, exchange rates incremental sales against the convertible monetary systems, in the definition of capital to redirect public expenditure priorities in search of economic fortunes and induce rapid development in system of incentives, export and increased employment to expand the economy.
Harmonizing the agricultural and industrial policies for a commercial experience in goods and capital flow, through knowledge and influence of skills and technology, in the rare occurrence of tier 2, hybrid tier 1, instruments operations, that mostly, lag behind progress of the under developed world, to those of the developed economies, in capital creation to be sharpen and improved for tax review systems, tax incentives price ratios in the range of 25% over a period of 4-10years to replace cost efficiencies lost in rising cost of goods and services.
A financial liberation of exchange rates efficiency gains, for a legislated 2% of total liabilities deposit, allowing government budget deficits, to be no more than 2% of GDP, for our property rights costs benefit, in the inalienable rights to business and investment codes. A system adopted by Britain to expand their economy, in the industrial revolution, through the use of machinery and equipment to reverse trends and challenges in the reputation and habits of industry, infrastructure, commerce, education and primary health care systems, appointed the Royal African Company (RAC) to support the inalienable rights to business cause, in West Africa.
Domestic Market: trends and challenges of the domestic market could be reversed from high food prices, especially, grocery sale of many different kinds of food, and other household goods in uncontrollable price-rise-prism-flux or constant rise in goods and services. Trends may however, be reversed in replacing the market system of whole sale source of funding, expanding loans, in shift and short term borrowing, from the banks across business units, for market profits, thus soaring market- prices for consumers’ reaction of high cost of living, in several sectors of the economy, that is prompting low income levels, among most Ghanaians in low-income household, for a new generation of mobilizing the domestic population, towards economic meltdown of high cost of living, for long term and a new generation to be among the world’s newest inventors that include: Brazil, Russia, Indian and China, for sustainable economic goals, under cultivated capital standards. One of the most pressing concerns, of the domestic population, and “masses” concern of marketed prices. To evaluated price, review tax reform systems, for tax incentives to score at minimal costs, and also expand trade and capital through income generative sources. A Financial discipline of limiting banks, to lending more than, two thirds, of their tier1 capital, to control price and capital mobility, on a global scale.
Corporate Africa: The common wealth business council, targets of globalization; driving force to bring benefits to countries who are at the bottom of the industrial –led growth chart in wealth creation between the haves and the have nots’. For instance dumping of surplus goods, from a more industrialized country, to a less industrialized country, in sub-Saharan Africa, could cause brain drain or high levels of unemployment or both in those countries financing infrastructure, industry, commerce, education and promote health care systems in sub-Saharan countries to eliminate debt markets currency debasement and assert diversification, that Africa is unlikely to meet sustainable development goals deadlines due to common interest in shallow markets with their short yield curves, and not allowing corporate Africa wider access to global market. Countries that retained inward-looking strategies (e.g. India, Chile and Uruguah), remained at the bottom of the industrial led growth ratings.
Policy recommendations reached by the IMF the World Bank, and the US executive branch (Williamson 1990). The “Washington consensus” dismissed the conclusion reached in development literature, and relied instead on classical economic theories to reach policy recommendations. That development policy came to consist of withdrawing government interference in favor of the rationalization of most countries economics, seeing a need to a solution to bolster business and investment between the exchanges of primary commodities packaging to the stock exchange for their systems of incentives, export and high levels’ of employment . Balassa (1981: 22-23), argued that “East Asian countries would replace Japan in exporting skill –intensive –products, that latin American countries would expand their capital intensive production”.
The basic idea emerged the New Industrial Counties (NICs) that include: Brazil, Mexico, Hongkong, Singapore, Taiwan, collectively, had growth rates of 8.4%, 1973 and 1983, and 5.3% between the periods of 1964- 1973, in the seemingly success of the NICs in the 1970s and 1980s respectively. This view was given credence as the NICs, were rated models for the developing world to follow in phases of development. While the developed economies were averaging 4.8% over the same periods of the NICs, 1973 and 1983, and 2.18% in 1964 – 1973 when NICs were competing growth rates, with East Asian countries, that no developed country has reached the target of allocating 0.7%, to development aid. That countries contended outward oriented strategies in “free market capitalism where market forces were allowed to operate with little government interference” (Brohman 1996a: 107).
Outward orientated strategies and free market capitalism gains in a corporate finance theory advantage, developed by Modigliani miller in the 1950’s stating;” in the absence of an efficient market, tax rates and bankruptcy are in rising costs, or if bankers themselves find it necessary plenty to charge high fees, deciphering. Codes of business, by helping investors, or business people do it or do it rightly.
Similarly, the asymmetric information of not one half , equal to the other half of not everyone knowing, what everyone else knows to be sound in mind while empirical rule of the analysis fails to bear the idea, in alternative business solutions or unbalanced business information of not everyone, knowing what everyone else knows, to be sound in mind, while empirical rule, to the analysis fails to bear the idea, in alternative business concerns, to expand capital, in the efficient use of resources for “buoyant” markets share position, on classical economic policies. For instance in the midst 80s, a new wave of industrialization, started in countries like Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and( later), china seemed ever widening cycle in the industrial- led growth chart. For increasingly sophisticated products to the global system.
Lastly, international trade reforms, has been most disappointing and trade agreements between the E.U and African countries, yet to be negotiated on financial hurdles, with no move made toward removing subsidies on agriculture. Countries currencies devaluation systems, convertible monetary systems, and the removal of restrictions, on trade and capital movement that no developed country, has reached the target of the 0.7% of GDP to development aid and Africa unlikely to meet sustainable development goals deadlines, due to common interest, toward development goals short yield curves, for a economic opportunities and human development to help a “lamed-dog” cross a stile if Ghana wears the captain’s cap ,navigating the ships of business, in natural resources management to buck trends and challenges of the wrecked ships of business for a growing global embrace credence as self economic starters. Ghana to wear the captain’s cap navigating the ships of business, replacing the wrecked ships of business, in natural resources management, for a growing global embrace in economic self-starters.
By Sulemani Koulibougu Yakubu